One holds a sacred place in Mexican society. In contrast, the other is considered the cultural heritage of Peru — no doubt, both Xoloitzcuintli and Peruvian Inca Orchids are ancient yet exotic dog breeds!

These hypoallergenic dogs make fantastic pets for families with members prone to dog allergies. 

With numerous remarkably similar physical characteristics, it can be challenging to differentiate between a Peruvian Inca Orchid and a Xoloitzcuintli. 

The comparison chart below gives you all the similarities and differences between the two.

If you want to read a more in depth article about either pooch,  check out our comprehensive posts on the Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli dog breed!

 

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About the Breed

Size

Hypoallergenic Coat

Temperament

Training

Exercise Needs

Grooming Requirements

Care

Health Issues

About the Breed — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

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Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Country of Origin Peru Mexico
Origin year 750 A.D. 1500 B.C.
Other Names Xolo, Mexican Hairless dog, Xoloitzcuintles Peruvian Hairless Dog, Perro Sin Pelo del Perú, PIO, Perros Flora, Inca Hairless Dog, and Moonflower Dog.
Dog Group (AKC) Miscellaneous Class Non-Sporting
Life Span 12-14 years 13-18 years
Price $350-$800 $1500-$3000

 

xoloitzcuintli-dog-breed

 

Size — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli 

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Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Height
Small 9.5–15 inches (25–40 cm) 10–14 inches (23–36 cm)
Medium 15.5–19 inches (40–50 cm) 15–18 inches (38–51 cm)
Large 19.5–25 inches (50–65 cm) 19–23 inches (51–76 cm)
Weight
Small 8.5–17.5 pounds (4–8 kg) 5–15 pounds (2.3–6.8 kg)
Medium 18–26.5 pound (8–12 kg) 15–30 pounds (6.8–14 kg)
Large 27–55 pounds (12–25 kg) 25–40 pounds (11–18 kg)

 

Hypoallergenic Coat — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

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Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Coat Hairless or coated Hairless or coated
Coat Texture Smooth. Some pups may have feathering on their body, especially around the neck and ears. Coat is soft, dense and has a sheen.
Coat Length Short to medium Short
Coat Colors
  • Black. 
  • Copper.
  • Tan. 
  • Gray. 
  • Pink.
  • White.
  • Black. 
  • Bronze. 
  • Liver. 
  • Slate. 
  • Gray black. 
  • Red.
Hypoallergenic? Yes Yes

 

Temperament — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

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Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Personality
  • Noble.
  • Loving.
  • Loyal. 
  • Cheery.
  • Alert.
  • Agile.
  • Protective.
  • Calm.
  • Alert.
  • Affectionate.
  • Lively.
  • Devoted.
Territorial? Yes  No
Sensitivity Level High High
Children Friendly? They are good with older children, but not suitable for younger ones.  Yes, but better with supervision!
Dog Friendly? Yes Yes
Prey-Driven? Strong! 

These Sight Hounds will bolt after anything small that is moving! When outside, keep them on a leash.

High! 

Xolo dogs are likely to chase other smaller animals. Keep them on a leash when outside.

Stranger Friendly? Peruvian Inca Orchids are wary of strangers and will take their time to adjust around new people.  Xoloitzcuintles can be aloof towards strangers. Requires socialisation training from an early age.
Apartment Friendly? An indoor pet, PIO are great apartment dogs. The calm and tranquil Xolocuintles make wonderful apartment dogs!

 

Xoloitzcuintli dog

 

Exercise & Training

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Training — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Intelligence Above average. Above average.
Trainability Easy to Train. PIO dogs are quick to associate command to action. Xolo dogs are easy to train, but you need a consistent  regime and must set clear boundaries. 

Xolo dogs respond well to positive training.

Barking Tendency Low. The Peruvian Hairless dog barks only occasionally out of fear or wariness.  Low. These pups rarely bark. 
Potential for Mouthiness They can be nippy.  Xoloitzcuintles can be nippy.
Social Needs? These pooches are territorial and tend to be cautious around strangers. Peruvian Inca Orchid puppies need to be socialized from day one! They can be wary of strangers, so you must start the socialization training of your Xoloitzcuintles puppy as soon as possible.
Can they be left alone? Peruvian Inca Orchids are not fond of being alone. 

Crate training from an early age will help Peruvian Inca Orchid puppies feel safe when in their own company.

No! Xolo dogs can develop separation anxiety if left alone for an extended period. 

Experts suggest crate-training your Xoloitzcuintli puppy.

 

Exercise Needs — Peruvian Inca Orchid Vs. Xoloitzcuintli

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Energy Level Energetic Medium
Exercise Needs Peruvian Hairless dogs need a decent amount of exercise. Several long walks every day are necessary to keep these pups happy and healthy  A daily long walk and playtime with their family would keep Xolo dogs content and healthy. 

 

Grooming & Care 

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Grooming Requirements — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Coat Maintenance Low  Minimal
Shedding Low to non-shedding Low to non-shedding
Dander Dander-free Minimal 
Drooling Tendency Low Low

 

Find out what equipment you will need for grooming your dog.

 

Care — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Sleeping Need 12-14 hours a day. 12-14 hours a day.
Daily Food Consumption 1.5-2.5 cups of high-quality dog food is sufficient depending on size.  1.0-1.5 cups of high-quality dog food is adequate depending on size.
Special Care? Peruvian Inca Orchids’ skin is exposed and therefore needs special care: 

  1. Give them an oil massage regularly to keep their skin from drying.
  2. PIO dogs are indoor pets! Avoid taking them out excessively. , Remember to apply a generous amount of dog-safe sunscreen when going outside. 
  3. In winter, cover them with a sweater or jacket.
The exposed skin of Xoloitzcuintles requires special care: 

  1. Use a lotion or oil to keep their skin from drying.
  2. Apply a decent amount of dog-safe sunscreen when going out. 
  3. In winter, cover them with a sweater or jacket.

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid vs Xoloitzcuintli health issues

 

Health Issues — Peruvian Inca Orchid vs. Xoloitzcuintli

 

Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli
Health Problems A hearty breed, Peruvian Inca Orchids do not have any major health concerns. 

Due to exposed skin, they can be prone to skin issues like skin acne and dryness.

An exceptionally healthy breed, Xoloitcuintli do not have any breed-specific genetic diseases.

Due to exposed skin, some pups may develop skin issues like skin acne and dryness.

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